Oktoberfest is a unique beer festival, accompanied by cheerful folk festivals and costumed processions, which has been held annually in Munich for over 200 years. Within 14-16 days, about six million guests manage to visit the holiday, which is four times the number of residents of the capital of Bavaria.
The Oktoberfest custom dictates that beer only from Munich breweries should be served to guests of the festival. In this case, the drink must be brewed in strict accordance with the Munich beer purity law of 1487 and the German beer purity law of 1516 (water, malt, hops, yeast, no additives). On an area of 30 hectares, the organizers exhibit 14 or 15 tents, sponsored by 6 of the main breweries in Bavaria:
The Augustinian monks founded the oldest and still active brewery in 1328. In 1817, the production moved to Neuhauser Street, where today one of the most popular restaurants in the city, Augustiner, reminds of it.
At the end of the 19th century, the headquarters and breweries were moved to Landsbergerstraße, where brewing continues today. Augustiner is the only brewery at Oktoberfest that dispenses beer from traditional 200-liter wooden barrels, while the rest use modern metal containers.
During the festival, Augustiner beer is served in tents Augustiner Festzelt, Fischer Vroni and Festzelt Tradition.
This brewery was first mentioned in sources from 1417. At that time, it was located on Sendlingerstrasse, where the Altes Hackerhaus restaurant is now located. In the 18th century, the brewery under the leadership of Josef Pschorr and Maria Theresa Hacker became the largest in Munich.
For almost a century and a half, the intoxicating drink was produced in separate breweries, which were run by the descendants of two families. It wasn’t until 1972 that Hacker-Pschorr became a single brand again. Today the brewery is located in the same premises as Paulaner. At the festival, the brewery’s lightest 5.8% beverage can be enjoyed at the Hacker Festzelt, Pschorr Festzelt Bräurosl and Herzkasperl-Festzelt tents.
The Hofbräuhaus brewery was founded in Munich in 1589 under Wilhelm V as a ducal brewery. Since 1939, the company has been a state-owned enterprise. Initially, the production was located in the very center of the city, but in the 19th century, due to a lack of space, the brewery moved a couple of blocks further and was located on Innerweinerstrasse. It is now home to one of Munich’s main tourist attractions – the Hofbräukeller brasserie with a luxurious beer garden.
Hofbräu is the strongest 6.3% beer at the festival. You can find him in the tents Hofbräuzelt and Oide Wiesn.
The first mention of the brewery dates back to 1746. In the 19th century, the Brau family turned Löwenbräu into one of Munich’s largest breweries. The production is located on Nymphenburgerstraße, where the Löwenbräukeller signature restaurant is also located. By the way, the brewery also holds its own small festivals like Starkbierfest or Night of Tracht.
You can sample the brewery’s drink at the Löwenbräu-Festzelt, Schützen-Festzelt and Haxnbraterei pavilions.
The youngest Munich brewery, founded in 1634 by monks of the Paulaner order. The peculiarity of the monastery beer was that it was served publicly only on holidays. The rest of the time they drank it exclusively in the monastery. Now the Munich brewery is located in the Langwid district in the northwest of the city. At Oktoberfest, Paulaner beer is served in the tents of Paulaner, Kuffler Weinzelt, Heinz and Hühnerbraterei.
The brewery was founded in 1397 and until the 19th century was located on the Neuhauser Gasse field. Since then and to this day the Munich Spaten plant has been operating on Marsstrasse. It is this brewery that produces Bavaria’s biggest bestseller, the Munich light lager (hell).
Spaten beer can be purchased at Oktoberfest in the tents Schottenhamel-Zelt, Spatenbier, Ochsenbraterei, Glöckle Wirt, Goldenen Hahn, Kalbsbraterei and Wirtshaus.
It is interesting! For Oktoberfest, a special aged light beer Oktoberfestbier with a pronounced malt taste is brewed. The alcohol content in it ranges from 5.8 to 6.3%. At other times of the year, such an intoxicating drink is called March or Vienna beer. On average, the beer turnover in one tent for 16 days reaches more than 3 million euros.